But Randy Evans, a former ambassador to Luxembourg appointed by Mr. Trump, said that Mr. Walker may prove to be a “transformational” candidate who crosses boundaries of party and race (Mr. Walker is Black). “He’s got the demeanor to do it,” Mr. Evans said. “I recognize fully the difficulties of brand-new people who run who’ve never run before, but I thought Senator Tuberville did a pretty good job in Alabama, and that Herschel Walker would do a great job in Georgia.”

Mr. Evans was referring to Tommy Tuberville, the staunchly pro-Trump Republican and big-time college football coach who easily won election to the Senate in November. But while Mr. Trump remains popular among Republicans in both Alabama and Georgia, the latter has seen Democrats make big inroads in part because of demographic change and a distaste for Trumpism in some important areas, including the suburbs north of Atlanta.

Mr. Trump has already endorsed Representative Jody Hice, a hard-right conservative and Baptist preacher who plans to run for Secretary of State in Georgia against the incumbent Brad Raffensperger. Like Mr. Walker, Mr. Hice supports Mr. Trump’s bogus claims of a rigged election, and a Trump endorsement may be enough to hand him a primary victory.

But a number of Republicans are quietly concerned that both Mr. Hice and Mr. Walker may wither in the scrutiny of a general election. Suburban, centrist women are likely to take note of Mr. Walker’s ex-wife’s story, as well as Mr. Hice’s comment that he approved of women in politics, so long as “the woman’s within the authority of her husband.”

If Mr. Walker does enter the race, he will be the best known among a Republican field that already includes Kelvin King, a construction executive; Latham Saddler, a former Navy SEAL; and Gary Black, the state agriculture commissioner. There is also a possibility that former Senator Kelly Loeffler, who lost the seat to Mr. Warnock in the January runoff election, could try for a rematch.

Mr. Warnock is the pastor at Atlanta’s Ebenezer Baptist Church — the home church of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. His victory in January, as well as the victory of his fellow Georgia Democrat, Senator Jon Ossoff, served as a stinging rebuke to Mr. Trump a few weeks after his own loss in the state.

Mr. Warnock must defend his seat so soon after his election because he is serving out the remainder of a term begun by former Senator Johnny Isakson, a Republican who stepped down because of poor health. Mr. Warnock is likely to run emphasizing his support for social programs and support for Georgia businesses.

“Whether it’s Trump’s handpicked candidate Herschel Walker, failed former Senator Kelly Loeffler, or any other candidate in this chaotic Republican field, not one of them is focused on what matters to Georgians,” said Dan Gottlieb, a spokesman for the Democratic Party of Georgia, in a statement.

Debbie Dooley, the president of the Atlanta Tea Party, said that she is hoping that Georgia might see a general election in which all four candidates for the two top offices, senator and governor, are Black, allowing voters to take racial matters out of the decision-making process and instead have a clear choice between “competing ideologies.”

In the governor’s race, Ms. Dooley is hoping that Vernon Jones, a Black, pro-Trump candidate not endorsed by Mr. Trump, will defeat Gov. Brian Kemp in the Republican primary. And she is assuming, like many other Georgians, that Stacey Abrams will run for governor on the Democratic side.

In the Senate race, Ms. Dooley said she wants to see Mr. Walker jump into the primary and win it. “That’s who Trump wants,” she said, although she added that doing so would betray one loyalty: She is a die-hard Alabama fan.

“Roll Tide,” she said.

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Report Finds Higher Sexual Assault Risk at Fort Hood

As Congress and the Department of Defense debate how to address the ongoing scourge of sexual assault and harassment in the military, a study on the Army released Friday found that age, experience and where soldiers are based strongly correlate to both offenses.

Women at Fort Hood in particular — where an Army specialist was killed by another soldier last year — have a far higher risk of sexual assault at that base in Texas than the average woman in the Army according to the new study, conducted by the RAND Arroyo Center, a federally funded research group.

Using gender and workplace data, researchers found that the total sexual assault risk to Army women at Fort Hood during 2018 was 8.4 percent, compared with a 5.8 percent risk for all women in the Army.

The researchers also found that for both men and women, younger age was associated with increased risk for sexual assault, as were low education levels and junior rank. Fort Hood and Fort Bliss — another installation in Texas with above-average rates of assault — have large numbers of junior ranking, young soldiers. Further, for both men and women, longer deployments on antiterrorism missions also led to higher risk for sexual assault and harassment.

sponsored by Senator Kirsten Gillibrand, Democrat of New York, would remove military commanders from a role in prosecuting service members for sexual assault, which she and her supporters in the Senate argue would lead to increased prosecutions and deterrence. At the same time, a panel appointed by Defense Secretary Lloyd J. Austin III made a similar recommendation and was expected to release its final findings in the coming weeks.

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Supreme Court Limits Human Rights Suits Against Corporations

WASHINGTON — The Supreme Court ruled on Thursday in favor of two American corporations accused of complicity in child slavery on Ivory Coast cocoa farms. The decision was the latest in a series of rulings imposing strict limits on lawsuits brought in federal court based on human rights abuses abroad.

The case was brought by six citizens of Mali who said they were trafficked into slavery as children. They sued Nestlé USA and Cargill, saying the firms had aided and profited from the practice of forced child labor.

Justice Clarence Thomas, writing for the majority, said the companies’ activities in the United States were not sufficiently tied to the asserted abuses.

The plaintiffs had sued under the Alien Tort Statute, a cryptic 1789 law that allows federal district courts to hear “any civil action by an alien for a tort only, committed in violation of the law of nations or a treaty of the United States.”

Sosa v. Álvarez-Machain, left the door open to some claims under the law, as long as they involved violations of international norms with “definite content and acceptance among civilized nations.”

Since then, the Supreme Court has narrowed the law in two ways, saying it does not apply where the conduct at issue was almost entirely abroad or where the defendant was a foreign corporation.

In 2013, in Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum, the court said there was a general presumption against the extraterritorial application of American law. It rejected a suit against a foreign corporation accused of aiding and abetting atrocities by Nigerian military and police forces against Ogoni villagers.

Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr., writing for the majority, said that even minimal contact with the United States would not be sufficient to overcome the presumption.

“Even where the claims touch and concern the territory of the United States,” he wrote, “they must do so with sufficient force to displace the presumption against extraterritorial application.”

Jesner v. Arab Bank, the court ruled in favor of a bank based in Jordan that had been accused of processing financial transactions through a branch in New York for groups linked to terrorism. The court said foreign corporations may not be sued under the 1789 law, but it left open the question of the status of domestic corporations.

The defendants in the new case, Nestlé USA v. Doe, No. 19-416, sought to expand both sorts of limitations. They said the 1789 law did not allow suits even when some of the defendants’ conduct was said to have taken place in the United States, and they urged the court to bar suits under the law against all corporations, whether foreign or domestic.

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On the Scene as California Officially Reopens


On the Scene as California Reopens

Jill Cowan

Jill Cowan📍 Reporting from Los Angeles

The hotel closed in March 2020 and reopened at limited capacity last June. For now, employees must still wear face coverings.

Denise Randazzo, the hotel’s vice president of sales and marketing, told me that the hotel didn’t expect demand to explode overnight, but that recent weekends have been nearly booked. She said guests are booking trips farther in advance.

“Summer is peak season, and we’re starting to see those trends again,” she said.

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At Least 2 Workers Killed in Shooting at Alabama Fire Hydrant Plant

At least two workers were killed and two were injured in a shooting at a fire hydrant plant in Alabama on Tuesday, the police said.

The suspect left the scene of the shooting at the plant, owned by the Mueller Company, in Albertville and was later found dead of an apparent self-inflicted gunshot wound, according to Albertville’s police chief, Jamie Smith. The suspect was also an employee at the plant, Chief Smith said.

“For an unknown reason an employee of the industry began firing a weapon at fellow employees,” he said in an email.

The company employs hundreds of people and is one of the nation’s largest producers of fire hydrants.

largest employers in Albertville, has earned the town the nickname of “Fire Hydrant Capital of the World.”

Alabama Department of Commerce. In 1990, the city celebrated its one millionth hydrant with the nickel-coated hydrant still displayed outside the Albertville Chamber of Commerce.

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Garland to Discuss Protections for Reporters With News Leaders

Attorney General Merrick B. Garland is expected to meet Monday afternoon with leaders of three major news organizations — The New York Times, CNN and The Washington Post — following the disclosure that the Trump Justice Department had secretly seized phone records for reporters at each of them.

President Biden has since directed the Justice Department not to seize reporters’ communications records in hunts for their sources in leak investigations, calling that practice “simply, simply wrong,” and Mr. Garland is developing a new policy to carry out that instruction.

The leaders of two of those organizations — The Times and CNN — were also subjected to gag orders in related legal fights for reporters’ email data that spilled over into the Biden administration. Leaders of The Times, were told in March about a two-month-old court order to Google, which runs the paper’s email system, for reporter data — but also forbidden to talk about it.

The meeting is set for 4 p.m. and is expected to last about an hour. The news executives — which include the publisher of The Times, A.G. Sulzberger, and a Times newsroom lawyer, David McCraw, who were among those gagged in March — are expected to raise concerns about the investigative steps affecting reporters, and to discuss the details of the new policy Mr. Garland is working on.

In testimony last week, Mr. Garland said the new policy will be “the most protective of journalists’ ability to do their jobs in history.” But many details remain unresolved, including how broadly the new protections will apply and whether he will implement it via a method that is easy or difficult for a future administration to roll back.

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Alton Sterling’s Family Agrees to $4.5 Million Settlement, Lawyers Say

Several days after that, Mr. Salamoni, who had fired six shots at Mr. Sterling, was fired from the Baton Rouge Police Department, and Mr. Lake was suspended for three days.

After announcing those disciplinary actions, the Baton Rouge police released footage of Mr. Sterling’s arrest and his killing.

The body-camera video shows Mr. Salamoni repeatedly shouting profanities at Mr. Sterling, slamming him into a car, ordering Mr. Lake to use his Taser and threatening to shoot Mr. Sterling with a gun pointed at his head.

In September, the Baton Rouge Metro Council rejected a proposed $5 million settlement to resolve a lawsuit that Mr. Sterling’s children had filed against the city in 2017, which contended that the killing was part of a longstanding pattern of racism and excessive force within the Baton Rouge Police Department, The Advocate reported.

“After nearly five years, the people of Baton Rouge are finally one step closer to getting much-needed closure in this traumatic episode of our history,” Sharon Weston Broome, mayor-president of the Metro Council, said in a statement in February, after the council had approved the settlement. “Now we must continue the work of building a more fair and equitable community, where every citizen is treated justly, no matter their race or ethnicity.”

In their statement, the lawyers for Mr. Sterling’s family — L. Chris Stewart, Brandon DeCuir, Michael R.D. Adams, Justin Bamberg and Dale Glover — said that they were also grateful that Baton Rouge and the Police Department had made significant policy changes after Mr. Sterling’s death.

“Our hope is that these policy changes, which focus on de-escalation, providing verbal warnings prior to using deadly force and prohibiting officers from both using chokeholds and firing into moving vehicles, will ensure that no other family has to endure the trauma and heartbreak that Mr. Sterling’s family went through,” the lawyers said.

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Verda Tetteh Won a $40,000 Scholarship Then Asked That it Go To Someone With More Need

For weeks, Verda Tetteh felt qualms about applying for the $40,000 merit scholarship her high school in Fitchburg, Mass., offered graduating students.

She was bound for Harvard, which had agreed to pay her tuition and room and board. Her 4.9 G.P.A. had qualified her for other scholarships that would cover college expenses.

Still, her guidance counselor urged her to go for it, telling her she had worked hard and deserved the award known as “The General Excellence Prize.”

Ms. Tetteh, 17, applied, figuring that the scholarship, which every year goes to one male and one female student selected by a committee of teachers, administrators and guidance counselors, would probably go to someone else.

The Boston Globe and other local news outlets reported on her speech this week, and it soon gained attention from national newspapers and television networks.

began to decline in the 20th century as local owners sold their businesses to national corporations and the paper industry’s dominance gave way to pharmaceutical companies and other manufacturers.

More than 60 percent of the students in the high school are identified by the State Department of Education as “economically disadvantaged,” and 67 percent are described as “high needs.”

At Fitchburg High, a public school, 75 percent of the roughly 1,300 students are students of color, said Jeremy Roche, the school principal. At least 40 percent of those students go to community college when they graduate, he said.

Join Michael Barbaro and “The Daily” team as they celebrate the students and teachers finishing a year like no other with a special live event. Catch up with students from Odessa High School, which was the subject of a Times audio documentary series. We will even get loud with a performance by the drum line of Odessa’s award-winning marching band, and a special celebrity commencement speech.

“A lot are first-generation students,” Mr. Roche said. “A lot of them are students who are the first to graduate high school in their family.”

He added, “There are many families here who work really hard and don’t make a lot of money.”

Credit…Kafui Yao Agboh

When Ms. Tetteh was 9, her mother, who provides care for people with disabilities, enrolled in Mount Wachusett Community College in Gardner, Mass.

Her mother, Rosemary Annan, was working 80 hours a week but decided to pursue an associate degree in science, hoping it would help her get a job that would support her four children and help reduce her hours.

“She realized that there is a lot of opportunity if you’re educated,” Ms. Tetteh said.

Her mother’s efforts inspired Ms. Tetteh, who came to the United States knowing little English but already eager to excel at school.

She arrived at school early and stayed late to improve her English and participate in enrichment programs. Her mother regularly took her to the library, and she became an avid reader.

When she got to high school, she helped start a welcoming committee for immigrant students, Mr. Roche said.

“She was always thinking about how to make our school a better place, how do we make our community a better place,” he said.

Her fellow seniors chose her as class speaker at the graduation. In her speech, which she gave just before she was awarded the scholarship, she spoke of the richness of her school’s diversity and the resilience of her classmates.

“Some of us were born with the odds stacked against us, that we may not make it to today,” Ms. Tetteh said. “I have gotten to know so many of you these past four years and there is so much potential in our class.”

She added, crying: “To every immigrant child, you can make it. To every dreamer, you can make it.”

Her decision later to sacrifice the scholarship was overwhelming, but not shocking, Mr. Roche said.

“I was not surprised that she did that because that’s who she is,” he said.

Ms. Tetteh, who plans to major in chemistry and wants to become a doctor, said she would like to start a separate scholarship for students who are immigrants and cannot afford college.

For now, she and Mr. Roche have been working on how to redistribute the scholarship money she gave up, an annual gift of $10,000 that is renewable for four years.

The plan so far is to award it two students who need help paying for community college.

“I think that all types of different students go to community college,” Ms. Tetteh said. “The common theme is that they want to get an education, they want to better their lives and that is something that is so commendable.”

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William Clinger Jr., 92, Dies; Led House Inquiries on Clinton

William F. Clinger Jr., a nine-term Republican congressman from Pennsylvania who vigorously pursued two investigations into wrongdoing by the Clinton administration and two decades later said that Donald J. Trump, his party’s nominee, was unqualified to be president, died on May 28 in Naples, Fla. He was 92.

His death, in a hospital, was confirmed by his daughter Eleanore (Bijou) Miller. Mr. Clinger had lived in Florida for several years since moving from Virginia.

Mr. Clinger, the only millionaire member of the House of Representatives when he was first elected in 1978, was a relatively moderate Republican, a former appointee of President Gerald R. Ford as chief counsel of the Commerce Department’s Economic Development Administration and a proponent of public works.

His signature legislation, though, was a plank from the Contract With America, the conservative legislative agenda successfully advanced by Speaker Newt Gingrich and his fellow Republicans during the 1994 midterm elections, in which they seized control of the House for the first time in 40 years.

accused the administration of stonewalling the investigation, and an independent prosecutor found evidence that while First Lady Hillary Clinton had played a role in the firings, there was insufficient proof that she had misled investigators.

The independent prosecutor also exonerated Mr. and Mrs. Clinton after an inquiry into whether they had improperly accessed F.B.I. files on Republican opponents (inevitably referred to as “Filegate”).

Mr. Clinger was so popular that he ran for re-election several times without a Democratic opponent. He did not seek a 10th term in 1996.

a public letter that Mr. Trump was “manifestly unqualified to be president.”

William Floyd Clinger Jr. was born on April 4, 1929, in Warren, Pa., in the northwestern part of the state. William Sr. was a banker and owned oil wells. His mother, Lella May (Hunter) Clinger, was a homemaker.

After graduating from The Hill School in Pottstown, Pa., he earned a bachelor’s degree at Johns Hopkins University in 1951, served four years in the Navy and was discharged as a lieutenant. He worked as an advertising executive for the New Process Company, a mail-order clothing business in Warren, before enrolling in the University of Virginia School of Law, where he received a degree in 1965.

After he retired from Congress, Mr. Clinger taught at Johns Hopkins University, was the chairman of the Chautauqua Institution’s board of trustees and was a co-chairman of the Institute for Representative Government, a nonprofit, bipartisan Washington organization that promotes democracy internationally.

He married Julia Whitla, who died in 2016. In addition to his daughter Eleanore, he is survived by another daughter, Julia Boulton Clinger; two sons, James and William F. Clinger III; and seven grandchildren.

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Austin, Defense Secretary, Suggests Major Shift Needed on Military Sex Assault Crimes

Defense Secretary Lloyd J. Austin III suggested to lawmakers on Thursday that he supports changes to the laws that govern how the military handles sexual assault cases, a major shift for military leadership, which has long resisted such changes.

“Clearly, what we’ve been doing hasn’t been working,” Mr. Austin said in his opening remarks before the Senate Armed Services Committee. “One assault is too many. The numbers of sexual assaults are still too high, and the confidence in our system is still too low.”

Mr. Austin appeared to be endorsing the recommendations of a panel he appointed to study the issue earlier this year. That panel recommends that independent military lawyers take over the role that commanders currently play in deciding whether to court-martial those accused of sexual assault, sexual harassment or domestic violence.

But he was clearly stopping short of endorsing a measure long pushed by Senator Kirsten Gillibrand, Democrat of New York, that would cut out the military chain of command from decisions over sexual assault, but also extend outside prosecutorial power over many other serious crimes as well.

voted against the same bill in 2014, arguing it would undermine commanders, the long held view of Pentagon leaders — and key members in the House.

Senator Jack Reed, Democrat of Rhode Island, and chairman of the Armed Services Committee, believes Ms. Gillibrand’s bill goes too far and has been working behind the scenes with Pentagon officials to reign it in.

“I want to be sure that whatever changes to the U.C.M.J. that I recommend to the president and ultimately to this committee, that they are scoped to the problem we are trying to solve, have a clear way forward on implementation, and ultimately restore the confidence of the force in the system,” Mr. Austin said, referring to the Uniform Code of Military Justice, which is the foundation of the American military legal system. “You have my commitment to that, and also my commitment to working expeditiously as you consider legislative proposals.”

Mr. Austin’s remarks Thursday could set off an intense political battle that will test the power of Ms. Gillibrand among her bipartisan Senate allies, including Senator Chuck Schumer, Democrat of New York and the majority leader, who could be forced to pick sides in determining the measure’s fate, and the White House.

In either event, it seems clear that commanders are all but certain to lose full control over sexual assault prosecutions. “Change is coming to the department,” Mr. Reed said Thursday in reference to the assault issue.

confirmed by the Senate, Mr. Austin made sexual assault one of his first priorities. In February, he appointed the independent commission to examine the issue and give recommendations that he and the service chiefs could consider.

The members of the panel are seeking a new career track in the Defense Department in which judge advocates general — military lawyers — would be specially trained to deal with such cases. This alone would be a major shift in how the military does things. Mr. Austin has said he wants the service chiefs to review the recommendations.

Momentum has been in place for such changes since Mr. Biden was elected. Kathleen Hicks, the deputy defense secretary and the first woman to serve in the No. 2 role at the Pentagon, and General Mark A. Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff have both said they have been swayed that the current system does not serve victims well.

A report out of Fort Hood, Texas, last year that detailed a culture of harassment and abuse gave fuel to Ms. Gillibrand’s measure and parallel efforts in the House.

In 2019, the Defense Department found that there were 7,825 reports of sexual assault involving service members as victims, a 3 percent increase from 2018. The conviction rate for cases was unchanged from 2018 to 2019; 7 percent of cases that the command took action on resulted in conviction, the lowest rate since the department began reporting in 2010.

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