statistics, the average price of a detached home in Scotland was £353,025 ($407,000) in June, up about 17 percent from the same time last year. The Orkney Islands, an archipelago off Scotland’s northeastern coast, experienced the nation’s largest increase in average property prices over the past year, at 29 percent. The most expensive area was the City of Edinburgh, where the average cost was £327,000 ($377,000).

While “purse strings are tightening a bit, we’re still seeing lots of positive interest in estates and country properties — demand is robust,” said Tom Stewart-Moore, head of rural agency for Scotland at Knight Frank in Edinburgh. “The rural estate market is fairly resilient to lumps and bumps in the economic climate.”

Turcan Connell in Edinburgh, who works with many foreign clients, said that buyers from the Middle East and Asia were “interested in rural properties, while the Dutch and French like to buy estates, and Scandinavians are attracted by forestry. Golf is a big attraction for Americans.” English buyers “remain very common,” he said. “You can sell a city-center apartment in London, buy a huge country house in Scotland and pocket the difference.”

overseas purchaser can buy.”

Most homes in Scotland sell through a blind bidding system, with sellers setting a minimum asking price and prospective buyers submitting sealed bids through lawyers. “It’s great for sellers, because it can drive up the price, but buyers are bidding into the abyss of the unknown,” he said. “Especially since Covid, rural properties are going way over their formal appraisals.”

Buyers are permitted to assign power of attorney to lawyers, so they don’t have to be there in person to complete a sale, Mr. Dunlop said, adding that there is “no difference” in the process or tax obligations for Scottish or foreign buyers.

Land and Buildings Transaction Tax, with a top rate of 12 percent, applies to all property and land purchases over £145,000 ($167,000), according to Alan Dean, director of the personal tax practice at the Chiene + Tait accounting firm in Edinburgh. Scotland “does not penalize or apply higher rates for foreign buyers, unlike England,” he added. Since 2016, an additional 4 percent tax has been imposed if a buyer already owns a home anywhere in the world.

Capital gains taxes are the same for Scottish and foreign buyers, Mr. Dean said, with a maximum rate of 28 percent. Sellers must report property sales to HM Revenue and Customs, the U.K. tax authority, and pay capital gains taxes within 60 days of a transaction.

Broker commissions in Scotland range from 1 to 2 percent, but “many agents are going lower to secure business, so 0.75 percent is not unusual,” Mr. Mackie said. “And I know agents who are prepared to accept 0.5 percent.”

Annual property taxes, called the council tax, “vary widely” by location and are calculated based on property values, Mr. Dean said.

Council tax for Powfoulis Manor totals £1,753 ($2,019), according to Barry Grant, an assessor at Central Scotland Valuation. The hotel has been assessed separately at business tax rates. “For a new owner, business tax rates could apply to uses like Airbnb or holiday rentals,” he said.

Harry Maitland, Savills UK, 011-44-0131-247-3738

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