Samuel Corum for The New York Times
WASHINGTON — Robert Kramer, the chief executive of Emergent BioSolutions, has told investors that “extensive relationships across multiple agencies within the federal government” have helped build a business that last year posted record revenues, with Mr. Kramer taking home a $1.2 million cash bonus.
The company’s relationships form a web of revolving-door connections across Washington, an investigation by The New York Times found, that has included a former cabinet member, a retired Army general, three former members of Congress and a bipartisan array of former government employees.
As in previous years, Emergent’s biggest single source of revenue in 2020 was products for the Strategic National Stockpile, the country’s emergency medical reserve, which was woefully ill prepared for the pandemic. Even with the country focused on Covid-19, the government last year paid Emergent $626 million for products that included anthrax and smallpox vaccines.
Sometimes the company has turned to allies in the House or Senate to help push through its agenda, as it did in 2016 when lobbyists for Emergent met with Senator Roy Blunt, the Missouri Republican who chaired a subcommittee that controls the stockpile’s budget, seeking his help in a funding fight involving the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, court records show. A spokeswoman for Mr. Blunt said he did not intervene on the company’s behalf.
Six of Emergent’s 10 current board members have previously served in government. The company also has a corps of paid influencers, which has included lobbyists from more than a dozen firms with deep ties to Capitol Hill.
Here are some of those players and their links to Washington.
Ties to the Presidency
Christopher Cox, lobbyist
Special assistant for legislative affairs under President George W. Bush. Former chief of staff to Representative Mike Rogers, Republican of Michigan, and Representative Robin Hayes, Republican of North Carolina. Lobbied from 2006 to 2020, when Emergent paid his firm $2.56 million.
Timothy P. Hecht, lobbyist
Longtime Republican strategist and President George Bush’s deputy political director. Served as the commerce secretary’s deputy counselor in the same administration. Lobbied from 2005 to 2020, when Emergent paid his firm $2.95 million.
Daniel Kidera, lobbyist
Former Homeland Security official in the Obama administration. Onetime aide to Senator Chuck Schumer of New York, now the majority leader. Lobbied from 2015 to 2020, when Emergent paid his firm $440,000.
Lawrence F. O’Brien III, lobbyist
Treasury official in the Carter administration. Longtime Democratic donor with close ties to Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Mr. Schumer. Lobbied from 2007 to 2020, when Emergent paid his firm $2.01 million.
Dr. Louis Sullivan, board of directors
Health secretary to the elder Mr. Bush. Cash compensation from 2006 to 2019: $1,048,394. Shares owned: 48,714. Current value of shares: $4,496,789.
James L. Ervin, lobbyist
Former Pentagon official and Air Force legislative liaison to the House. Chairman ofErvin Graves Strategy Group, a lobbying firm whose chief executive officer is former Representative Tom Graves, Republican of Georgia. Lobbied from 2014 to 2020, when Emergent paid his firm $810,000.
Pete Hoekstra, lobbyist
Republican former congressman from Michigan; served as ranking member on the House Intelligence Committee. Appointed ambassador to the Netherlands in 2018 by President Donald J. Trump. Lobbied in 2014, when Emergent paid his firm $80,000.
Thomas Ingram, lobbyist
Longtime Republican strategist and former chief of staff to Senator Lamar Alexander, the Tennessee Republican who led the upper chamber’s health committee. Lobbied from 2015 to 2017, when Emergent paid his firm $450,000.
Gary LaPaille, lobbyist
Former Illinois state senator and longtime Democratic official who served as vice chairman of the Democratic National Committee. Lobbied from 2007 to 2014, when Emergent paid his firm $1.48 million.
Tom Latham, lobbyist
Iowa Republican who served in Congress for 20 years. Lobbied from 2016 to 2020, when Emergent paid his firm $525,000.
Jim Saxton, lobbyist
Served 25 years in Congress as a Republican from New Jersey. Lobbied from 2010 to 2015, when Emergent paid his firm $230,000.
Kyle Simmons, lobbyist
Former chief of staff to Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the minority leader. Longtime Republican strategist. Lobbied from 2011 to 2012, when Emergent paid his firm $250,000.
Bernard R. Toon, lobbyist
Former chief of staff to four Democratic senators: Jeff Bingaman of New Mexico, Bill Bradley of New Jersey, Byron Dorgan of North Dakota and Joseph R. Biden Jr. of Delaware, now the president. Founder ofthe Ingram Group. Lobbied from 2011 to 2012, and from 2015 to 2017, when Emergent paid his firm $750,000.
National Security and Public Health
Jerome M. Hauer, board of directors
Former commissioner of New York State’s Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Services. Counterterrorism aide to Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani, and a top emergency preparedness official under the younger Mr. Bush. Helped Emergent thwart a competitor’s anthrax vaccine. Cash compensation, 2006 to 2011 and 2015 to 2019: $603,340. Consulting fees, 2006 to 2011: $1,095,000. No shares owned.
Dr. Kathryn C. Zoon, board of directors
Immunologist and longtime federal health official who led the F.D.A.’s Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, which assesses vaccines, at the time of the 2001 anthrax letter attacks. Currently a scientist emeritus with the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Cash compensation, 2016 to 2019: $267,818. Shares owned: 4,669. Current value of shares: $430,995.