signed a law last month that will make it significantly harder to meet the signature requirements for an initiative to be added to the ballot. Before, an initiative needed signatures from 6 percent of the population of 18 different legislative districts. The new law signed by Mr. Little will now require signatures from 6 percent of residents in each of Idaho’s 35 legislative districts.

And in Mississippi, the State Supreme Court last week ruled that the initiative process was “unworkable and inoperative” because of the disparity between the number of congressional districts in the law and the number of districts the state has now.

Mayor Mary Hawkins Butler of Madison, Miss., a Republican who filed the lawsuit that led to the invalidation of the state’s initiative process, said that the legal action had been intended to protect her city’s ability to deter marijuana retailers through zoning.

“There were those in government that knew it needed to be corrected,” Ms. Butler said of the ballot initiative process. “If we want to go forward in the state and protect the initiative process, it’s got to be corrected. If it’s flawed, the only recourse would be to start over.”

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