an office culture that could be toxic, particularly for young women.

Ever since Mr. Cuomo broke onto the political scene he has carved a reputation as a brash hard-charger. As executive director for his father’s transition team, after the 1982 victory in the governor’s race, the younger Mr. Cuomo kicked his feet up on a desk during an interview with The New York Times, lit a cigarette and declared, “I’ve become very popular lately.”

he was losing. Ms. Kennedy asked to separate soon after, according to Mr. Cuomo’s biographer, representing the low point of Mr. Cuomo’s personal and professional life.

doing the investigating; now he is the one being investigated.

famously raged that he was a “steamroller,” threatening to crush a state legislator. This year, Mr. Cuomo’s run of negative press intensified after he berated Assemblyman Ron Kim, a Democrat, who said the governor had threatened to “destroy” him. The conversation felt so familiar to those who have worked with Mr. Cuomo that his office’s denial was largely dismissed.

“They’re cut from the same cloth,” Senator James Tedisco, the Republican that Mr. Spitzer cursed at, said of Mr. Spitzer and Mr. Cuomo. “They’ll do just about anything they can to get their way and try to destroy you.”

This week, Mr. Tedisco said, “Andrew Cuomo is the steamroller that has run out of gas.”

But for more than a decade, Mr. Cuomo divided and conquered Albany in singular fashion, intimidating rivals, dominating the terms of debate and helping enable Republican control of the State Senate, for a period, through a renegade faction of Democrats, known as the Independent Democratic Conference.

“my Black skin and a woman.”.

The next year, a group of progressive challengers, including Ms. Biaggi, ousted a half-dozen I.D.C. senators. With Democrats in full control after 2018, Mr. Cuomo could no longer situate himself at the political midpoint of every deal.

The landscape in Albany has quickly shifted. Nearly half the State Senate is new since 2018. And there is now a supermajority of 43 Democrats among whom Mr. Cuomo counts virtually no durable allies, according to multiple legislators. In a move that many on the left saw as poetic justice for his role in keeping her out of power, Ms. Stewart-Cousins was among the first prominent Democrats to call for Mr. Cuomo’s resignation.

The Democrats who led the charge for Mr. Cuomo to resign are more politically progressive than he is. The three-term governor has improbably tried to portray himself as an outsider by dismissively saying of his fellow party officials on Friday, “I’m not part of the political club.”

23 women in that chamber pushed back this past week on calls for his immediate resignation, asking for Attorney General Letitia James to complete her investigation first.

Mr. Cuomo is said to see Ms. James as his most formidable potential primary challenger should he survive and run again next year. For now, the biggest destabilizing force for Mr. Cuomo is the uncertainty of what new allegations each day will bring. His treatment of others, over so many years, makes it impossible to predict what lies ahead.

Jesse McKinley contributed reporting.

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