according to numbers released last week.

The tax proposal would have raised tariffs on some everyday goods and services, while keeping in place pandemic-era cash subsidies intended to help struggling people.

Ultimately, though, many in the streets said they saw only the tax hikes — and a government that they felt was out of touch with their needs.

“They have pushed us to hunger,” said Natalia Arévalo, 29, a protester in Bogotá. Ms. Arévalo, who sells clothing, said last week that a new lockdown meant to curb the spread of the virus had severely curtailed sales. “Now they want to take the little we have left.”

Some of the biggest protests have been in Cali, Colombia’s third-largest city. On Sunday, Nicolás Guerrero, a young artist, was among hundreds gathered in a northern part of the city. Suddenly, shots rang out.

A grainy video, livestreamed and watched by many, shows shouting and confusion.

Juan Gómez, a 27-year-old lawyer, was there, and watched as Mr. Guerrero bled out at his feet.

“It was horrible,” said Mr. Gómez. “I have never seen someone die before my eyes.”

“There is no proportionality,” he said of the force being used on the street. “It doesn’t make sense.”

Mr. Gómez spoke by phone on Monday. He was angry enough, he said, that he planned to head back to the streets later that day.

Sofía Villamil contributed reporting.

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